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託福語法技巧:並列連詞及真題解題要點

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托福考試並列連詞及真題解題要點:有關並列連詞的命題在TOEEL考試中佔有極重要的地位。並列連接詞不僅自身是命題的焦點,它還涉及到一些其它的題型,如平行結構,詞類、及一致等TOEEL考試要點。一般説來,有關並列連詞的題目並不深澀,因為連接詞無論在語意上還是結構功能上都並非孤立使用。

有關並列連詞的命題在TOEEL考試中佔有極重要的地位。並列連接詞不僅自身是命題的焦點,它還涉及到一些其它的題型,如平行結構,詞類、及一致等TOEEL考試要點。一般説來,有關並列連詞的題目並不深澀,因為連接詞無論在語意上還是結構功能上都並非孤立使用。而且,細察並列連詞的題目,還可尋見其中的命題規律並列連詞常考題型及解題要點

1. 並列連詞 and but or混淆

解題要點 這類題型主要分面布在written Expression (16-40題中) 當A、B、C、D四項選擇中出現單獨的and或but 或or 時,它通常就是此題的焦點,應根據句意判斷此連詞是否用錯。

全真例題要分析

(1) Harvesting of grains is affected by annual changes in temperature or in the amount of moisture, but both. (90.1)

[答案] D 根據句意,這裏並無轉折關係。因此but 應改為or。

(2) Porcelain is not a single clay, and a compound of kaolin. Ball clay, feldspar. And silica. (91.1)

[答案] C 此句表達的是一個取捨關係,and應改為but. “not…but”是表達轉折,到舍含義的固定並列連詞搭配。

3. The structure or behavior of many protozoans are amazingly comples for single-celled artimals.

[答案] A 根據句中複數謂語動詞are 來判斷,連詞or是錯誤,它表述的概含是兩項之一,應用單數第三人稱動詞。固而or應改為and。

(4) Cayenne popper comes from the seedpot of the pepper plant which is dried or then ground.

[答案] D 根據提示詞then,我們可以判斷dried 和ground (grind 的過去分詞,碾碎)是順序先後的兩個動作,並非取捨選擇關係。固此or應改為and。

2. 並列連接詞詞組

both…and as…as

not only …but also not so…as

either…or the same…as

neither…nor 比較級(more-re) …than

so…that to…to常與so…that

whether…or 混淆搭配

解題要點;上述並列連詞詞組和短語必須搭配使用,不能承意更換或省略。考題中如出現上述詞組的任何一部分,則注意另一部分是否正確。

全真例題分析

(1) In meteorology. Either formation of clouds and the oreciporddidon of dew rain and snow are known as condensation (93.1)

[答案] A either改為both,組成both…and詞組

(2) The survival of a forest depends not only on amount of annual rainfall it receives. And also on the seasonal distribution of the rain.

[答案] C and改為but,組成not only…but also 詞組

(3) Lucretia Mott*s influence was too significant that she has been credited by some authorities as the originator of feminism in the United State. (91.1)

[答案] A too改為so,組成so…that結構。

(4) The gorilla, not as curious than the chimpanzee, shows more persistence and memory retention in solving a problem. (90.5)

[答案] B than改為as, 組成not as…as 結構。

(5) Some linguious believe that the earliest languages were no less complex as modern languages (94.5)

[答案] D as 改為than,組成“比較級…than”的句型。

(6) Whether as statesman, scientist, and philosopher, Benjamin Franklin was destined to gain lasting honor throughout much of the world. (92.5)

[答案] A and改為or,組成whether…or的結構。

(7) Meadowlarks are about the same size than robins, they have heavier bodies, shorter tails, and longer bills. (89.5)

[答案] B than改為as,組成the same…as的結構。

(8) Nature not only gave the Middle Atlantic fine harbors, however endowed it with a first-class system of inland waterways. (91.1)

[答案] C however 改為but also,組成not only…but also結構。

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
distribution [.distri'bju:ʃən]

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n. 分發,分配,散佈,分佈

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condensation [kɔnden'seiʃən]

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n. 濃縮,濃縮物,凝結

 
porcelain ['pɔ:slin]

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n. 瓷器,瓷

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inland ['inlənd]

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adj. 內陸的,國內的
adv. 內陸地

 
curious ['kjuəriəs]

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adj. 好奇的,奇特的

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clay [klei]

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n. 粘土,泥土
n. (人的)肉體

 
persistence [pə'sistəns]

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n. 堅持,毅力

 
grind [graind]

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vt. 磨,碾碎,擠壓,壓迫
vi. 磨得吱吱

 
meteorology [.mi:tjə'rɔlədʒi]

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n. 氣象學,氣象狀態

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gorilla [gə'rilə]

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n. 大猩猩

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